Baltimore Ecosystem Study Institute of Ecosystem Studies

2010 BES Annual Meeting Presentation and Poster Abstracts

Spatial patterns analysis of multiethnic settlement in Lijiang City, China
Lin, Tao
Co-Authors: Tao Lin(presenter), Ling Feng, Xianhua Guo, Jingzhu Zhao

Abstract: Maintain the national harmony is always both a critical base and a major challenge of the multiethnic countries to establish sustainability. Sufficiency and equality in natural resources availability for different ethnic groups is the base for maintaining the harmonious multiethnic settlement patterns, which may be sensitive to spatial heterogeneity and scale multiplicity. In this paper, referencing to the essence of spatial pattern analysis, the characteristic of spatial patterns of multiethnic settlement in Lijiang City were explored: (1) the multiethnic settlement patterns are significant different in rural and urban area. The "invisible" boundary lines which guarantee a harmonious spatial pattern of multiethnic settlement formed in rural area is disappear in urban area. (2) With the spatial scale increasing, the ethnic diversity index (Shannon-Wiener) shows a significant growth. However, the ethnic diversity shows no significant correlation with population and administrative area in township scale, which may imply the equality of development opportunity among the different ethnic groups. In the end of the paper, suitable living space was used as a integrated spatial indicator to asses and maps the distribution of the potential habitat space in the 5 district/counties of Lijang City. The result showed there are big gaps between present and potential habitat area in all five counties, which may reveal some proof for the harmonious spatial patterns of multiethnic settlement existing in Lijinang City.